Coronavirus: Investors Should Hold Their Nerve

Looking at nine major outbreaks since 1998, there is little evidence linking global epidemics with long-term investment fundamentals

Carolyn Szaflik 3 February, 2020 | 10:39AM
Facebook Twitter LinkedIn

Coronavirus

Public health outbreaks and epidemics like the recent coronavirus can quickly scare investors and, eventually, affect economies and businesses. World stock markets have tumbled since the first death was announced on January 11, with Chinese equities more than 10% lower since then.

The recent coronavirus outbreak has shut down airports, halted trade, and led to the rapid construction of new hospitals in China. The effects of the outbreak may push China's economy into a period of slower growth, with stocks trading lower as investors seek protection.  

So, what does that mean for investors?

Key takeaways 

  • Looking at nine major outbreaks since 1998, there is little evidence linking global epidemics with long-term investment fundamentals.
  • The Chinese economy may slow, perhaps even meaningfully, but that is not a reason to invest or divest. Long-term investing is often best disconnected from short-term economic reactions, so investors should maintain their focus on what matters.
  • Across the portfolios run by Morningstar Investment Management, we do have a relatively small exposure to Chinese assets (both directly and indirectly) but remain confident these holdings will deliver positive outcomes for long-term investors.

Epidemics and investing

To understand the potential impacts of an outbreak, we must make a forecast. But it's important to acknowledge that we're trying to peer into the future, which is wrought with intellectual danger. No one can predict the future, but plenty of research suggest ways that forecasts can be improved.

One way to improve the accuracy of a forecast is to start with base rates. How often do outbreaks become epidemics? What effect do epidemics have on economies or markets? For this latter question, we look to Exhibit 1 to provide a sense of base rates—market returns following major epidemics in recent history.

Epidemics

As depicted, market participants tend to react to such unforeseen outbreaks, but markets tend to recover by the six-month mark. This suggests that sentiment drives early losses, but sustained economic impacts are less than perhaps investors feared at the onset. 

Epidemics

Another way to improve forecasts is by admitting what you don't and can't know. Medical experts might be able to predict mortality rates etc, but no one can predict how unknowable factors might affect the spread of this or any outbreak. That's not to mention knowing how fear might affect markets.

So how can we make a reasonable assessment of the potential impact of the coronavirus? As long-term, valuation-driven investors, our concern is any potential impact to businesses' cash flows. For example, will the collective impact of the outbreak (fewer flights, less trade, loss of productivity, etc.) affect a few businesses, a few industries, or entire markets? That's the question we're asking.

Our answer is that, at this stage, we have to assume the outbreak will take a similar path to other recent epidemics, and thus we feel there's no reason for investors to be alarmed. Note that there's no "safe" approach for investors — for example, exiting stocks in favour of cash has its own risk, namely crystalising any losses suffered to sentiment while almost surely missing out on a rebound if the virus were to be contained quickly. So, we want to proceed by assuming what we consider to be the most likely scenario, while taking other possible outcomes into account.

Ultimately, we are very watchful but aren't taking any action. Across our portfolio range, we may hold exposure to Chinese stocks, emerging markets stocks, emerging markets debt, and companies that sell into China to varying degrees depending on the portfolio mandate. Even so, we are still expecting that these holdings will deliver positive outcomes over the long term, and it would require a clear impact to fundamentals for our view to change.

However, once the facts change, we would expect to change our minds. If we were to see a clear and significant potential impact to investment fundamentals, we would carefully study the situation, conduct rigorous scenario analysis, and try to incorporate the new information into our portfolios. Until then, we remain vigilant.

Don't Panic Yet

With lives at stake, it would be uncaring to call the coronavirus "noise". Yet, if we focus on the investor's perspective, we believe it is not time to act. Moreover, we remain confident in our portfolio holdings because they reflect a solid base of research and resemble a well-reasoned way to invest. We certainly won’t be hitting the panic button and we hope you won’t either.

 

 

 

The information contained within is for educational and informational purposes ONLY. It is not intended nor should it be considered an invitation or inducement to buy or sell a security or securities noted within nor should it be viewed as a communication intended to persuade or incite you to buy or sell security or securities noted within. Any commentary provided is the opinion of the author and should not be considered a personalised recommendation. The information contained within should not be a person's sole basis for making an investment decision. Please contact your financial professional before making an investment decision.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn

About Author

Carolyn Szaflik  Carolyn is a portfolio specialist at Morningstar Investment Management