Mexico: Trade, Politics and Profit

As the country readies itself for a general election next month, we consider the investment prospects of the volatile nation

Emma Wall 13 June, 2018 | 10:22AM
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This article is part of Your Guide to Emerging Markets. All this week, we are focusing on emerging markets, sharing their potential pitfalls – and where you can make a pretty penny.

Mexico City Mexico Latin America emerging markets developing economies

On Friday, risk analysis company Etellekt will release its Fifth Report on Political Violence in Mexico 2018. It is expected to reveal the tally of politicians shot since the presidential race kicked off in September now runs to 112 people – with Fernando Purón shot just yesterday. It is the bloodiest general election campaign in recent history, and highlights the dangers of democracy in a developing economy.

Speaking before the most recent tragedy, Brian Giuliano, fixed income portfolio manager for Brandywine Global outlined some of the challenges facing the nation. Speaking with his colleague, Brandywine research analyst Alberto Boquin, Giuliano listed: “disappointing economic growth, increasing violence on the streets, Trump and the wall, NAFTA negotiations, and now we're a few weeks away from presidential elections and a populist candidate known for his strong rhetoric has a commanding lead in the polls.”

Andres Manual Lopez Obrador – known as AMLO – continues to increase his polling numbers, currently polling with more than 50% of the vote. AMLO’s party Morena, the National Regeneration Party, also is leading in voting intentions and could win a majority in the Senate. This is the third time ALMO has run for president and, much like the anti-establishment figure of Donald Trump, now that his presidency is looking more secure his rhetoric has softened, making it difficult to predict the sort of leader he may be.

“AMLO is this sort of classic left of centre populist anti-establishment candidate. He is something that the political mood in Mexico is asking for at the moment,” explained Boquin.

“There's generally a fear that he will roll back the structural reforms that Mexico really needed and he has spoken out against a few of them most vocally against the energy reform.

“He has made critical comments of the central bank in the past. And even though he has moderated his rhetoric this time around people still remember the AMLO of old. So, it's sort of hard to predict who he is going to be going forward.”

Economic Outlook

Economic fundamentals are not great, but they are not bad either. Last December inflation shot up to 6.77%, but it is now a much more manageable 4.51%. As a result, central banks raised interest rates, but the country is now back on track to hit inflation targets. Economic growth for the first three months of the year was meek at 1.1%, with year on year growth of 1.3%, the weakest since 2013. However, bond yields remain high, with the 10 year at 7.96% - good news for income seekers, but generally yields that high come with a sustainability warning.

Domestic politics aside, Donald Trump’s plans to renegotiate the NAFTA – a trade deal between Canada, the US and Mexico – will have a large impact on the economic outlook as 30% of the Mexican GDP today is manufacturing exports, most of which are going to the United States. Such were the fears regarding Trump’s plans, in the two months following Trump’s election, the Mexican peso lost 15% of its value.

The latest thinking is that the US would do away with the current trilateral negotiations between the three countries be replaced by bilateral negotiations between the US and each of its partners.

The messages from the White House are mixed – while President Trump has threatened to tear up the NAFTA agreement entirely several times, White House economic advisor Larry Kudlow recently insisted this was not the case. The US has also recently implemented tariffs on steel and aluminium trade with Canada and Mexico.

But Boquin is unconcerned.

“One stat that's good to remember is only about half of exports actually go under NAFTA tariffs and even if you were to draw from NAFTA you would revert to a World Trade Organization tariffs which are not that much higher,” he said. “So, it would definitely be a shock to the market. But Mexico would be able to survive.”

Opportunities Despite Challenges?

Investing in Mexican stocks is not the same as investing in Mexico’s economy however. A look under the hood of the top Latin America equity funds reveals a sizable allocation to Mexican companies in most portfolios.

Top stocks include beverage firm Fomento Economico Mexicano, which rallied 25% in 2017 alone.

Morningstar analyst Sonia Vora says the firm benefits from brand intangible assets and cost advantages stemming from its vast scale, both of which have allowed the firm to generate steady economic profits, with adjusted returns on invested capital averaging above 12% over the last decade.

“We contend that the firm has been able to create synergies between its subsidiary Cola-Cola Femsa, which contributes nearly half of revenue, and its commercial arm, which includes the Oxxo chain of convenience stores, as well as several pharmacies and fuel service stations, as these retail locations can prioritise selling Coca-Cola Femsa’s beverages while also leveraging these products’ brand strength to drive store traffic,” she explained.

Another top pick for fund managers is financial services firm Grupo Financiero Banorte, whose stock is up 53% over the past five years, and the Mexican subsidiary of American consumer brands firm Kimberly-Clark, which has struggled in recent years, but over the long-term has delivered for shareholders.

The information contained within is for educational and informational purposes ONLY. It is not intended nor should it be considered an invitation or inducement to buy or sell a security or securities noted within nor should it be viewed as a communication intended to persuade or incite you to buy or sell security or securities noted within. Any commentary provided is the opinion of the author and should not be considered a personalised recommendation. The information contained within should not be a person's sole basis for making an investment decision. Please contact your financial professional before making an investment decision.

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About Author

Emma Wall  is former Senior International Editor for Morningstar